Salvador Dali was born in Figueris, Catolonia in 1904. He
attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid. In addition to his art studies
he read philosophy and Freud. A painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and
designer, he is best known for his Surrealist art although early in his
career he worked in Cubism, Futurism and Metaphysical styles.
In 1929 Dali moved to Paris where his talent for self publicity
made him the most famous representative of the Surrealist style. Throughout
his life he cultivated eccentricity and exaggerated his disposition toward
His paintings of the 1930's include several of the established
classics of Surrealism, and a unique interpretive style of imagery that
has been described as strangely hallucinatory in character. Dali used
recurring images throughout his career including the human figure with
half-open drawers, burning giraffes, and watches bent and flowing as if
made of melting wax. Sexual subjects and pictures centering on his wife
were preoccupations. In the late 1930's Dali visited Italy and adopted
a more traditional style and this combined with his political views led
to his leaving the Surrealistic ranks.
In 1940 Dali moved to the USA. The Museum of Modern Art
in New York presented a large retrospective exhibition of his work in
1941. From 1948 he lived in Spain and spent time in Paris and New York.
In his old age he became one of the world's most famous recluses, generating
rumors and occasional scandals to the end. Dali is one of the most famous
artists of the 20th century. There is a museum devoted to his work in
Figueras Spain, his birthplace, and two in the USA, at Cleveland Ohio
and St. Petersburg Florida. His work is collected in most major museums
throughout the world.
Among Dali's late work are those including religious themes. His best known is The Crucifixion and The Last Supper. Dali illustrated Dante's Divime Comedy, with 101 wood engravings. Like Dali, Dante's symbolism is complex. Both men had an interest in scientific study, in geology, optics, and mathematics.
Contact us to see The Return of Ulysses from the Homage to Homer suite.
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