Limited Edition Fine Art Prints
Limited Edition Fine Art Prints
The completed artwork, by the very nature of being a multiple,
can be enjoyed by more than one collector, and can be displayed in more
than one museum or venue at a time. Potentially, the artist and its art
has a wider influence in the art community than would art created in non
edition mediums. Fine quality artwork by prized and acclaimed artists,
previously unattainable because of rarity or cost, becomes available and
within the reach of collectors who otherwise would not enjoy or purchase
them. The quality of the art, and condition of prints, place individual
editions in positions of unique value, praised by collectors, museums,
and the art community.
Intaglio - A general category of printing techniques characterized
by the incision of lines or images into a surface of the plate, which
is usually metal. The paper is dampened so that under pressure it will
be squeezed into the inked recesses of the plate. Thin films of ink may
be left on the top surface of the plate to add total effects. Forms of
intaglio are engraving, drypoint, mezzotint, etching, and aquatint. Photogravure
is a photographic technique used with etching, resulting in a printing
process with great fidelity to the tonal range of the original photograph.
Planographic - A technique describing the lithograph process,
a process based on the antipathy of grease and water. The art is drawn
on a smooth stone or plate, using pencils, crayons, tusche, or various
grease, lacquer, or synthetic materials as well as photochemical or transfer
processes. After the art is drawn, a solution of gum Arabic and nitric
acid is applied over the total surface, chemically producing water-receptive
nonprinting areas and grease-receptive image areas. Ink adheres to only
the greasy areas which print as the paper pressed against the stone.
Stencil - A process of printing through an opening
of material or cutout design. The stencil material is usually knife-cut
from thin-coated paper, paperboard, plastic, or metal. Screenprint is
a stencil technique traditionally described as serigraph and silkscreen.
A squeege forces the ink through the opening or cut out design onto the
print paper. Separate "screens" are used for each color of the print.
Pouchoir is a direct method for hand coloring through a stencil.
Iris Print - Sometimes called "Gliclee prints" (Gliclee
is a French word which means "to spray forcefully"). Two basic steps form
this process. First: The artist creates a digital image, directly on a
computer using either photos and/or drawings, which the artist has created.
Second: The digital image is printed by a particular "Iris/spray" process.
The Iris process uses a customized Iris 3047 ink jet printer. Unlike desktop
ink-jet printers, the Iris uses a sophisticated print head that disperses
each ink drop in a micro fine mist of minute droplets, 1.5 microns (about
the size of a human blood cell), to deliver a rich image of continuous
Paper processed with wood chips and wood fiber is not generally
used in fine art prints because they are not archival. However, recent
commercial methods have been developed using steam and chemicals under
high temperature and pressure to remove impurities, in an attempt to make
them appropriate for art.
Acid free archival paper is made by hand or by a commercially
developed process using the basic raw materials of cotton, linen rags,
and/or barks beaten into fibers. The fibers are mixed with water and poured
into a vat in solution. A mold is used, and the newly formed paper is
dried. Different papermaking methods have evolved in the East and West,
which accounts for the wide variety of Western and Japanese paper.
Bon a tirer proof: A bon a tirer proof "right to print"
proof, is a proof designated by the artist as the standard against which
every print in the edition is to be judged for its aesthetic and technical
Proofs are also signed. Common kinds of signature impressions
marking the proofs are:
HC= Hors de Commerce. An impression pulled outside the edition
for the personal use of the master printer and the printer-collaborator,
if any, or the publisher (the group or individual funding the project).
WP= A proof that the artist has drawn, painted or collaged
on. This proof is used as a reference of changes the artist has made or
wishes to make in an edition. (Sometimes the WP is used solely to record
directions the artist is considering for future works.)
There is a whole hierarchy of value that compares one impression
of an image with another of the same image, with different images and
between images of different artists. These factors are both objective
and subjective. They relate to the very basic concepts of art dealing
and the art market. For a basic understanding review the concepts discussed
above regarding quality, condition, and authenticity, and the chart below.
Feel free to contact us with questions.
Restrikes and Canceled Plates
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